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Discussion > Eddies's List

This was posted by a commentator at Climate Etc.
Turbulent Eddie | May 15, 2015 at 12:08 am |
http://judithcurry.com/2015/05/14/tackling-human-biases-in-science/#comment-703647
I think it's a keeper; what do you think?

======== START OF EDDIE'S LIST ========

Confirmation bias: Including only confirming evidence, ignoring contradictory evidence

Observer-Expectancy Effect: Expectations lead investigator to inadvertently manipulate or interpret results

Bias blind spots: Failing to recognize your cognitive biases is a bias in itself.

Clustering illusion: Tendency to see patterns in random events.

Conformity: Tendency of people to conform with other people.

Availability Heuristic: When people overestimate the importance of information that is available to them.

Herding: People tend to flock together, especially in difficult or uncertain times.

Ideometer effect: Where an idea causes you to have an unconscious physical reaction, like a sad thought that makes your eyes tear up.

Illusion of control: The tendency for people to overestimate their ability to control events

Information bias: More information is not always better. Indeed, with less information, people can often make more accurate predictions.

Inter-group bias: We view people in our group differently from how see we someone in another group.

Negativity bias: The tendency to put more emphasis on negative experiences rather than positive ones. People with this bias feel that “bad is stronger than good” and will perceive threats more than opportunities in a given situation. Psychologists argue it’s an evolutionary adaptation — it’s better to mistake a rock for a bear than a bear for a rock.

Omission bias: The tendency to prefer inaction to action.

Ostrich effect: The decision to ignore dangerous or negative information by “burying” one’s head in the sand, like an ostrich.

Overconfidence: Some of us are too confident about our abilities, and this causes us to take greater risks in our daily lives.

Reactance: The desire to do the opposite of what someone wants you to do, in order to prove your freedom of choice.

Recency: The tendency to weigh the latest information more heavily than older data.

Seersucker Illusion: Over-reliance on expert advice. This has to do with the avoidance or responsibility. We call in “experts” to forecast when typically they have no greater chance of predicting an outcome than the rest of the population. In other words, “for every seer there’s a sucker.”

Tragedy of the commons: We overuse common resources because it’s not in any individual’s interest to conserve them.
This explains the overuse of natural resources, opportunism, and any acts of self-interest over collective interest.

Zero-risk bias: The preference to reduce a small risk to zero versus achieving a greater reduction in a greater risk. This plays to our desire to have complete control over a single, more minor outcome, over the desire for more — but not complete — control over a greater, more unpredictable outcome.

======== END OF LIST ========

May 15, 2015 at 1:47 PM | Unregistered CommenterRoyFOMR

Inter-group bias is too broad.

It covers both bigotry (e.g. quantum theory can't be right because it made by Jews).
And it covers "not made here" - the idea that we favour that with which we are most familiar as we can do more than merely black-box our understanding.

They are both errors, but the latter has a more practical application.

May 15, 2015 at 4:27 PM | Registered CommenterM Courtney